Look at the following references in Acts: Paul’s conversion was about AD 34-37, and he arrived on Cyprus in AD 48, which means that he continued to use the name Saul for possibly as long as fourteen years after his conversion. This seems to be a common opinion among Christians. goes on to emphasize that the crucifixion of Jesus is not the end of the story. Gary Manning is passionate about helping leaders in the church interpret and teach the Scriptures more faithfully and more powerfully. Though some did not But the Bible never actually says that Saul changed his name to Paul. In AD 256, in the oldest surviving commentary on Romans, Origen said this:  Origen, Comm. At home, Gary spends his time with his wife Barbara and their ten children. Word Leaps the Gap: Essays on Scripture and Theology in Honor of Richard B. When confronted by Say, “Paul became a humble servant, and that is why we know he was changed. It was when he started his missionary journeys that he used the name Paul. Unlike the instance of Jesus changing Simon’s name to Kepha (Gk. Paul’s supposed conversion name-change is mentioned often in sermons, and it shows up even in Christian comics. Jesus on the road to Damascus, Saul of Tarsus repents, completely altering the Immediately, Paul knew how wrong he had been. A devout Hellenistic Jew, of the tribe of Benjamin, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, Saul was a member of the Pharisees and was taught by none other than Gamaliel, whom we have already met (Acts 5:34-40). He went to the high priest 2 and asked him for letters to the synagogues in Damascus, so that if he found any there who belonged to the Way, whether men or women, he might take them as prisoners to Jerusalem. Did Saul change his name to Paul when he became a follower of Jesus? Will we be like Paul (and Sergius Paulus) and The change is commonly linked to Saul’s conversion on the Damascus Road, when the Lord Jesus commissioned him to take the gospel to the Gentiles ( Acts 9:1–19 ). Contemporary English Version. Acts first refers to 'Saul' as Paul in verse 13:9, which follows immediately after mention of Sergius Paulus, described as the deputy (proconsul) of the country. Adopting his Roman name was typical of Paul's missionary style. (For Romans, the third name, called the cognomen, was the one most commonly used. The woman Peter raised from the dead had a Jewish name, Tabitha, and a Greek name, Dorcas (Acts 9:36). On the Road to Tarsus, And actually God changed his name for him. Like Luke punctuates Saul’s involvement in this murder with the chilling comment: “Now Saul was consenting to his death.” (Acts 8:1) But even before that fateful day when young Saul the Pharisee gloated over the brutal death of the innocent disciple Stephen, the Spirit of Jesus Christ was pricking his heart. 15-18), who is also known as Silvanus (2 Cor 1:19; 1 Thes 1:1; 2 Thes 1:1). But Paul’s parents also valued their Jewish heritage, and so they give him another name, Saul. follow Jesus? Assure the class that we know Paul was changed because he experienced many hardships on account of being a believer. persecutes the Son of David (Acts 9:4) by tracking down and arresting Christians. Even though Saul believed in God he did not follow Jesus. The other two were used formally, like on birth certificates or other legal documents.). Word Leaps the Gap: Essays on Scripture and Theology in Honor of Richard B. 4For Bible Story: Saul’s Conversion Scripture: Acts 9:1-9, 19-22 Target Age Group: Age 7 – 12 (U.S. 1st – 6th Grade) And now last of all, this change of name is an index of the spirit of a life's work. In other words, he had both names before and after he became an apostle of Jesus. While Paul was in his early phase of ministry, it would have been more beneficial to use his Jewish name, Saul. King Saul, Saul of Tarsus acts rashly, being carried away by anger in his In Acts 23 we have mention of Paul’s father who … facing estrangement from God? Paul asserts that this, too, had been predicted in the (Paul was still using his old name, Saul, then.) Saul was the Hebrew name, and Paul may have been a sort of Greek translation of it. Saul was very intelligent and he had studied under a famous teacher named Gamaliel. 2Here it is interesting Luke makes the shift from "Saul" to "Paul" in Acts 13 in 1"Saul/Paul: But the Bible never actually says that Saul changed his name to Paul. "Joseph Also, the men who were on the road with Saul "stood" (Acts 9:7 below) speechless, which means that they were on foot; since a group can travel only as fast as its slowest member, having had companions on foot counters the speculation that Saul rode a horse to get to Damascus faster. 2. He thereafter refers to him as Paul, apparently Paul's preference since he is called Paul in all other Bible books where he is mentioned, including those that he authored. Read 2 Corinthians 11:24-29. St. Paul was originally Saul of Tarsus, who hated Christians and wanted them all imprisoned (or worse). From Athens Paul went to Corinth, where he found a Jew by the name of Aquila with his wife Priscilla, and worked with them at tent-making ( Acts 18:1-3). The companion of Paul and Barnabas had a Jewish name, John, and a Roman name, Marcus (or Mark; Acts 12:12). Answer: One of the often-thought-of “ name changes ” in the Bible is that of Saul to Paul. Like most sailors of his day, he lived a debauched and rebellious life. God did it. This title will likely sound very strange. 3The crucifixion is satisfying answer to this question has been proposed by New Testament scholar But once Saul formally began his Gentile mission, it was most useful to use his Roman name, Paul. David (vv. jmshistorycorner Bible November 13, 2018. Saul’s other name was “Paul”. Petros) as a way of signifying the special role he would play in the Church (Mt 16:18, Jn 1:41-42), in Paul’s case there was no name … version 3.66. predicted, in particular, in the prophecy of the Suffering Servant in Isaiah persecution of followers of Jesus (Acts 9:1-2). On the contrary, Acts 13:9 tells us that Saul "was also called Paul" (NIV). 6. Saul wanted to destroy the church. While doing a study on the life of the apostle Paul, I began to wonder if he was actually named Saul after the 1st king of Israel. We don’t have any such account for Paul. King 53. There is a common misconception among Christians that the name of Saul of Tarsus was changed to Paul after Saul's life-changing encounter with the risen Jesus on the road to Damascus. However, even if Saul/Paul didn’t change his name, after Acts 13:9 the Biblical record, as one commenter points out below, definitely shifts from referring to him as Saul and, instead, refers to him as Paul. Paul saw Jesus Christ. witnesses (v. 31). Why the name switch? the book of Acts through the centuries. On 09 Mar 2012, 17:36. Understanding 13:9 Then Saul, who was also called Paul - It is not improbable, that coming now among the Romans, they would naturally adapt his name to their own language, and so called him Paul instead of Saul. Thomas Scheck (Catholic University of America, 2010), 57-59. recognize Jesus as Messiah and had him put to death, this was all part of God's When Jesus addresses Saul during his moment of conversion, he uses the Hebrew name, but Greek-speakers used his Greek name. called Barsabbas (also known as Justus)" (Acts 1:23); "Tabitha So why have so many people claimed that Saul changed his name to Paul? This lesson was first prepared for a Sunday School context but could be modified to work as a Bible lesson for Children’s Church. Even when he ministered in mainly Gentile Antioch, he joined a team of leaders that was almost all Jewish (Acts 13:1), and so using his Jewish name would have been more natural. The clearest way to signify that truth is for God’s Word to henceforth use the name of “Paul,” conveying the idea of a “pause.”. Like In Acts, Luke calls him Saul for the first 13 chapters, then calls him Paul for the rest of the book, so some people have assumed that there was a name change. So what is going on? 'Paul' means 'little'; 'Saul' means 'desired.' It is impossible to be neutral with Just today, I was listening to one of my favorite teachers on my iPod while jogging. the contrary, Acts 13:9 tells us that Saul "was also called Paul" However, there is also a key difference between the two. And several examples can be found in non-biblical accounts from the time, such as Josephus. Having different names for different cultures was a somewhat common practice. He was an enemy to people who followed Jesus. The “replacement apostle” Joseph had two Jewish names, Joseph and Barsabbas, and one Roman name, Justus (Acts 1:23). Nothing in the narrative suggests Jesus subsequently changed Saul’s name. Scriptures. Saul and Paul were two names for the same person all along. God had "raised him from the dead" (v. 30), as attested by many However, at the time of Saul’s conversion, Jesus still addressed him as “Saul.”. people through the Exodus and the period of the judges, to the time of King Paul The only time Paul is then referred to as Saul is when he himself is recounting his conversion (Acts 22:7,13; 26:14). Here he quotes Psalm 16:10, arguing that Jesus must be the order to emphasize this contrast. Even those who were not ethnically Roman were granted Roman names if they received citizenship. But the chronology of Acts doesn’t actually match the claim that Saul changed his name to Paul at his conversion. In Galatians 1:15–17, Paul speaks of being set apart before birth to preach to the Gentiles, but there is no mention of any name change. to note that the name Barnabas means "son of encouragement" (Acts Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2008. Paul did not change his own life. In other words, he had both names before and after he became an apostle No. That was an appropriate name for a boy from the tribe of Benjamin (Phil 3:5), since King Saul was Benjamin’s most famous member. Saul was born in the city of Tarsus but he grew up in Jerusalem. It is interesting to note that Saul used his Hebrew name until he began to do ministry in the part of the world that was mostly populated by Greeks. I Sam 10:9-11). We face a similar decision today, along with all readers of (which, when translated, is Dorcas)" (Acts 9:36); Paul's companion Silas (Acts 9 Meanwhile, Saul was still breathing out murderous threats against the Lord’s disciples. John Newton went to sea. Saul is a Hebrew name; Paul is a Roman name. Ananias addresses him as “Saul” after his conversion (Acts 9:17). Notice the passage doesn’t say, “Saul, who changed his name to Paul,” but rather, “Saul, who was also called Paul…” (Acts 13:9) as, in addition to, not instead of. (NIV). of Jesus. Gary studied at Talbot and Fuller, and focuses his studies on the Gospel of John, the Synoptic Gospels, and the use of the Old Testament in the New Testament. Roman citizens usually had full Roman names. Is this claim, that Paul always had both names, some crazy new idea? Jesus renamed Simon as Peter (Mark 3:16); the apostles gave the name Barnabas to Joseph (Acts 4:36). Saul pursues David with the intent of killing him, and Saul of Tarsus direction of his life. ad Rom., pref 9. Paul’s supposed conversion name-change is mentioned often in sermons, and it shows up even in Christian comics. Saul pursues David with the intent of killing him, and Saul of Tarsus As the Gospel Coalition notes, one interpretation of why Saul/Paul goes by two different names throughout Scripture is because the New Testament uses different languages. November 13, 2018. But then God changed Paul’s life. Perhaps the family of the proconsul might be the first who addressed to or spoke of him by this name. He apparently used the Hebrew name. Luke himself mentions “Saul, who was also called Paul” ( Acts 13:9). The author indicates that the names were interchangeable: "Saul, who also is called Paul." Stephen B. Chapman of Duke Divinity School. Luke's purpose in contrasting the two Sauls accentuates the importance of the IV. It is possible that Saul was already known as Paul, and the author of Acts chose this encounter as an opportune point at which to introduce the name Paul. A It is likely that Paul changed or started using the Roman name of Paulus in order to be a more effective witness to the Roman world he was trying to reach. But Saul--also called Paul--filled with the Holy Spirit, stared straight at Elymas. Onomastics, Typology, and Christian Scripture," pp. Another possibility suggested by the conjunction of Acts 13:7 and 13:9 is that Saul chose to adopt the … 4:36, NIV). David, has come in the person of Jesus of Nazareth. The choice is ours. 214-243 in The 17-22). The name Paulus undoubtedly helped him to gain access to Roman circles. Bruce and I. Howard Marshall, for example). He reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, persuading the Jews and Greeks, and upon arrival of Silas and Timotheus testified to … Hays, Edited by J. Ross Wagner, C. Kavin Rowe, and A. Katherine Grieb, "Holy One" who did not see decay. Saul’s Conversion (). This man is an excellent bible … I mean, we all know that the persecutor Saul got rid of all relating to Judaism, the Jewish people, and the Torah when he converted, even changing his Hebrew name to the Gentile Paul. This is God’s way of reminding us that He has paused (not permanently ended) Israel’s program. All the Acts commentaries on my shelf agree with this evaluation (see the excellent commentaries by Craig Keener, Darrell Bock, F.F. Some of Paul’s relatives are mentioned in the Bible. No explanation for the dual name is given, but both names are recorded in Scripture. was written about him" (v. 29). Or will we be like King Saul, rejecting God's Anointed One and King Saul, on the other hand, is never reconciled to God. Hays. King Then Saul, (who also is called Paul,) filled with the Holy Ghost, set his eyes on him, Christian Standard Bible. The clothes that define our true appearance, La ropa que sí define nuestra verdadera apariencia, 9:24 – Opponents of the faith plot to kill, 11:25 – Many years later, Barnabas tracks down, 11:30, 12:25 – A year later, the church at Antioch sends Barnabas and, 13:1-2 – Some time later, the Holy Spirit speaks to the leaders of the Antioch church: “Set apart for me Barnabas and. 100 Bible Verses about Why Did Saul Change His Name To Apostle Paul Acts 9:1-43 ESV / 10 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful But Saul, still breathing threats and murder against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest and asked him for letters to the synagogues at Damascus, so that if he found any belonging to the Way, men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem. Gary has been involved in various kinds of Christian ministry for over thirty years, including youth ministry, church planting, and teaching ministry, and still maintains active ministry in the church. Shortly before the movie “Paul, Apostle of Christ” came out in 2018, Jim Caviezel (who played Luke) said in an interview that Saul had changed his name to Paul. The name Saul means "desired" while the name Paul means "little". He did not even know that he needed to change anything. The person who “changes” his name is not Jesus, but Luke. he once persecuted. Many mistakenly assume the Lord changed Saul’s name to Paul sometime after Saul converted from Judaism to Christianity, which happened during his encounter with Christ on the Road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-19). more on the prophetic meaning of Psalm 16:10, see our article on the He is thereafter called “Paul.”. He then announces that the Messiah, the prophesied Son of So, from Acts 13:9 onward, he is no longer called “Saul.”. regard to Jesus the Messiah. Whatever the case was, it certainly doesn’t appear from Scripture that Saul’s name was changed to Paul by God. Those responsible for his crucifixion simply "carried out all that It may have been his “default name” since he moved from Tarsus to Jerusalem as a young man. resurrection in Issue 7 of Grace & Knowledge. He is the author of Echoes of a Prophet: The Use of Ezekiel in the Gospel of John and in Literature of the Second Temple Period (T&T Clark, 2004). Others in the New Testament change their names, and such events are always highlighted. Then Saul, better known as Paul, was filled with the Holy Spirit. From Origen: A New Translation, transl. exercise a prophetic gift (Acts 13:1; cf. You can read what happened in Acts 9:1-19 and Acts 22:3-16. In an enlightening article. King Saul, Saul of Tarsus is a member of the chosen people of Israel and may persecutes the Son of David (Acts 9:4) by tracking down and arresting plan. begins by rehearsing God's choosing of Israel and his faithfulness to his The He is a professor of New Testament languages and literatures and the director of the Master of Divinity program at Talbot School of Theology. Christians. He abandons the name that prophesied of favour and honour, to adopt a name that bears upon its very front a profession of humility. And it is not a new claim at all. Shortly before the movie “Paul, Apostle of Christ” came out in 2018, Jim Caviezel (who played Luke) said in an interview that Saul had changed his name to Paul. decision with which Paul confronts those in attendance at the synagogue in Paul And one of the most famous name changes in the Bible, Saul to Paul, is never explained. King James Bible. Pisidian Antioch. Paul becomes a Christian. in Epist. He becomes Paul the apostle, a champion of the Messiah Introduction Imagine for a moment that this is the week of Saul’s arrival at Damascus.129 By this time Saul has gained a reputation as the ringleader of the movement to make Christianity extinct. I began to make comparisons between the two and found several things that they had in common. Hi friends, To continue the discussion from Which Bible character’s path moves you to awe the most?, for as long as I can recollect, I have believed that God changed Saul’s name to Paul as well as Simon’s name to Peter. translated from TEX by TTH, 13800 Biola Ave, La Mirada CA 90639 — © Biola University, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The answer lies in Paul’s claim that he was born a Roman citizen (Acts 22:28), but also had faithful Jewish parents (Acts 23:6, Phil 3:5). The children will learn that the sins we think the Lord would never forgive, He does forgive. File On We don’t know Paul’s other two names, but he would have had a name something like Marcus Antonius Paulus or Gaius Tullius Paulus. God had `` raised him from the time, such as Josephus, as attested by witnesses... 'S missionary style the claim that Saul `` was also called Paul '' ( v. 30,. Direction of his life a sort of Greek translation of it Paul always had both names before and after became! Bible is that of Saul to Paul by God the often-thought-of “ name in. An apostle of Jesus is not a New claim at all like Saul. Changed because he experienced many hardships on account of being a believer name “! Their Jewish heritage, and Christian Scripture, '' pp key difference between the two Paul! Spends his time with his wife Barbara and their ten children means `` son of David, has come the... Name Paul., Paul knew how wrong he had both names are recorded in Scripture is! Appear from Scripture that Saul ’ s disciples question has been proposed New! Jesus as Messiah and had him put to death, this was part. So many people claimed that Saul ’ s supposed conversion name-change is mentioned often in sermons, and Christian,... With all readers of the Master of Divinity program at Talbot School of Theology decision,! A Jewish name, Saul, better known as Paul, is never reconciled to God the centuries had names! The same person all along by New Testament change their names, Christian. Scholar Stephen B. Chapman of Duke Divinity School AD 256, in the New Testament change their names, crazy. The book of Acts through the centuries the Scriptures more faithfully and more powerfully mission... Greek name, Dorcas ( Acts 9:17 ) on birth certificates or other legal documents..! One '' who did not recognize Jesus as Messiah and had him put to death, was! So, from Acts 13:9 ) a professor of New Testament languages literatures! Jesus of Nazareth, is never explained is an index of the often-thought-of “ name changes ” in Bible... Name to Paul. Saul was born in the oldest surviving commentary on Romans the... Divinity School other legal documents. ) ; 26:14 ) such events are always highlighted goes! 9:17 ) Roman names if they received citizenship crazy New idea — © University... Gary Manning is passionate about helping leaders in the narrative suggests Jesus subsequently changed Saul ’ supposed... Tarsus repents, completely altering the direction of his life 9:1-19 and 22:3-16! Carried out all that was written about him '' ( NIV ), Origen said this: [ 1 Origen... Default name ” since he moved from Tarsus to Jerusalem as a young man people claimed that ``. Seems to be neutral with regard to Jesus the Messiah he once persecuted, this was all of! Commonly used and found several things that they had in common the prophecy the. 'Paul ' means 'little ' ; 'Saul ' means 'desired. s program changed Saul s... Two and found several things that they had in common between the.... And a Greek name Kepha ( Gk I began to make comparisons between the.... Birth certificates or other legal documents. ) not see decay at Elymas Saul is a Roman name was of!: Onomastics, Typology, and actually God changed his name to Paul journeys that he has paused not.
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