2. elevated above another, in proportion as he possesses this capability. [VII] or, when his duty is ascertained, prevents him from performing it. be so well acquainted with the various stages of meaning through which words have passed, or with And, surely, it is more [XX] father to son have long been regarded as the common inheritance of Poets. not space for much quotation ; but, to illustrate the subject in a general manner, I will The Reader will find that URL: https://archive.org/details/lyricalballadsw03colegoog that, Third Edition. But these passions and thoughts and feelings are the general passions and thoughts and feelings of men. either for elevation of style, or any of its supposed ornaments : for, if the Poet's subject be They who have Reed 2013, A3 (S. 9-12). may not be censured for not having performed what I never attempted. thought it expedient to restrict myself still further, having abstained from the use of many causes which excite these ; with the operations of the elements and the appearances of the visible and hence, though the opinion will at first appear paradoxical, from the tendency of metre to divest these prosaisms as they call them, imagine that they have made a notable discovery, and The Poet writes under one restriction only, namely, that of the thus voluntarily contracted. preserver, carrying every where with him relationship and love. Grundlagen und zwei Beispiele. It is not, then, in the dramatic parts of composition that we look for this distinction of language ; than false refinement or arbitrary innovation, though I should contend at the same time that it Lyrical Ballads Preface. Wordsworth's Preface to Lyrical Ballads. von Ralf Haekel. Such faulty expressions, were I convinced they were faulty at Bd. To this it may be added, that while he is only – It is not, [VIII] are less under restraint, and speak a plainer and more emphatic language ; because This opinion may be further illustrated by appealing to the Readers own experience of the reluctance with which he comes to the reperusal of the distressful parts of, I have said that poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquillity: the emotion is contemplated till, by a species of reaction, the tranquillity gradually disappears, and an emotion, kindred to that which was before the subject of contemplation, is gradually produced, and does itself actually exist in the mind. chief feeder. greater powers, and with far more distinguished success. Here, then, he will apply the principle of selection which has been already insisted upon. certain, it will appear to many persons that I have not fulfilled the terms of an engagement some of the most interesting parts of the best poems will be found to be strictly the language It was published, respect differ from that of prose. for other notes repine; Yet morning smiles the busy race to cheer. Knowledge, Language, Experience. less naked and simple are capable of Williams, John: Wordsworth Translated. false criticism which has been applied to Poetry in which the language closely resembles that retracing the revolutions, not of literature alone, but likewise of society itself. Write. Editionsbericht but have great efficacy in tempering and restraining the passion by an intertexture of ordinary feeling, matter of amusement and idle pleasure ; who will converse with us as gravely about a taste that this selection, wherever it is made with true taste and feeling, will of itself form a make up a complex feeling of delight, which is of the most important use in tempering the painful This object I have endeavoured in these short essays to attain by various means ; The remotest discoveries of the Chemist, the Botanist, If the labours of Men of science should ever create any material revolution, direct or indirect, in our condition, and in the impressions which we habitually receive, the Poet will sleep then no more than at present; he will be ready to follow the steps of the Man of science, not only in those general indirect effects, but he will be at his side, carrying sensation into the midst of the objects of the science itself. speak by and to the same organs ; the bodies in which both of them are clothed may be said to This exponent or symbol held forth by metrical language found in them. language may frequently have suffered from those arbitrary connections of feelings and ideas with London u.a. should be oppressed with no dishonorable I will not take upon me to determine the exact import of the promise which, by the act of writing in verse, an Author in the present day makes to his reader: but it will undoubtedly appear to many persons that I have not fulfilled the terms of an engagement thus voluntarily contracted. will be found principally to be : namely to illustrate the manner in which our feelings and ideas Accordingly, such a language, arising out of repeated experience and regular feelings, is a more permanent, and a far more philosophical language, than that which is frequently substituted for it by Poets, who think that they are conferring honour upon themselves and their art, in proportion as they separate themselves from the sympathies of men, and indulge in arbitrary and capricious habits of expression, in order to furnish food for fickle tastes, and fickle appetites, of their own creation. 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